Applications available in October 2023. Deadline for Applications is January 31, 2024
* organizer responsible for participant diversity
** scientific advisor

Click Here to View the Summer Poster

May 26 - September 15
Individual Research

Physicists are encouraged to apply as individual researchers to work on their own projects for up to five weeks at any time during the summer. We provide a serene atmosphere to complete work. The individual researcher may also choose to attend any workshop meetings or chat with other scientists in residence in addition to working on his or her own research. Click here for more information.

May 26 - September 15
Working Group

Working groups of between two and six physicists are encouraged. Click here for more information.

Cosmic Ray Feedback in Galaxies and Galaxy Clusters

Greg Bryan, Columbia University
Christoph Pfrommer,
Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics
Mateusz Ruszkowski,
University of Michigan
*Ellen Zweibel,
University of Wisconsin

Understanding the processes underlying galaxy formation is one of the most important challenges in astrophysics. Unresolved questions include the disconnect between the short time scale of gas collapse on small scales and the long time scale for galaxy evolution, as well as the mechanism responsible for ejecting mass, momentum, and energy out of galaxies (or preventing their infall) in a way that matches the observed scaling relations. Recent progress in the field of astrophysical feedback strongly suggests that relativistic particle populations called cosmic rays may play a crucial role in controlling these processes in and around galaxies and galaxy clusters. However, the strength of cosmic ray feedback depends very sensitively on the dynamical coupling of cosmic rays to the plasma, a complete understanding of which will require novel plasma physics insights. Connecting detailed simulations to multi-frequency and multi-messenger observations will be of paramount importance for elucidating the underlying physics. Hence, the goal of this workshop is to bring together an interdisciplinary group of scientists studying plasma physics, cosmic ray propagation in the Milky Way, high-energy astrophysics (embracing radio, X-ray, and gamma-ray astronomy), galaxy formation, and evolution of galaxy clusters in order to learn from each other, facilitate collaborations among the participants, and advance the field into an era of predictive galaxy formation.

May 26 - June 23
Fundamental Physics in the Era of Big Data
and Machine Learning

Gregor Kasieczka, University of Maryland
Francois Lanusse, Brown University
Lina Necib,
McGill University
David Shih,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Large data sets have overtaken most fields of physics, from the smallest scales of high energy physics to the largest scales of astronomy and cosmology. Experimental developments on all fronts, from current detectors including the LHC, the Gaia space mission, and LIGO to upcoming experiments such as the Rubin Observatory and Square Kilometer Array (SKA) require a redefinition of our approach to physics in order to fully exploit such advancements. In parallel, the field is in the midst of a revolution in machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI). Applications of powerful new AI/ML techniques to Big Data promise to open a never-before-seen window into the essential questions of fundamental physics, such as the search for physics beyond the Standard Model, the particle nature of Dark Matter, the cosmological formation of structure, and the history of the Universe. This workshop will aim to bring together experts in AI/ML and Big Data across a wide variety of subfields of fundamental physics, as well as AI/ML researchers from industry and academia who are potentially interested in physics applications. The primary goal of the workshop will be to provide unique opportunities for researchers to exchange ideas, develop new techniques, and cross-pollinate solutions to common problems posed by Big Data across the different domains of fundamental physics.

June 2 - June 30
The Microscopic Origin of Black Hole Entropy

Vijay Balasubramanian, University of Pennsylvania
*Javier Magan, Instituto Balseiro
Gustavo J Turiaci,
University of Washington
Herman Verlinde, Princeton University

June 16 - July 7
Quantum Matter Through the Lens of Moiré Materials

Philip Kim, Harvard University
Eslam Khalaf, Harvard University
Jed Pixley, Rutgers University
*Raquel Queiroz, Columbia University

Experimental advances in the ability to grow, isolate, twist, and stack two-dimensional materials have ushered in a new era in condensed matter physics. The moire patterns formed by stacking and twisting two lattices bring an immense tunability of quantum phases to two-dimensional materials, which are rapidly becoming the most exciting playground for the observation of exotic correlated phenomena. The goal of this workshop is to bring together current and future leaders in condensed matter physics, both experimental and theoretical, to discuss the rapid development of this novel class of quantum matter. An important theme of the workshop will focus on connections to other subfields to find creative solutions to open problems. The program will focus on pressing theoretical and experimental questions, such as the nature of the correlated states and the importance of topology, novel experimental techniques, pathways to the realization of long-sought quantum phases, and the identification of new twisted systems yet to be explored.

June 23 - July 21
Leveraging the Lepton Sector
as a Probe for New Physics

Simon Knapen, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
*Shirley Li, University of California Irvine
Maxim Pospelov, University of Minnesota
Diego Redigolo,
INFN Florence

July 7 - August 4
Probing Collective Excitations in Quantum Matter
by Transport and Spectroscopy

N. Peter Armitage, Johns Hopkins University
Cristian Batista, University of Tennessee
Johannes Knolle, Technical University of Munich
*Natalia Perkins, University of Minnesota

July 21 - August 18
Physics of Biological Data Analysis

*Marianne Bauer, Delft University of Technology
Anne-Florence Bitbol, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Ilya Nemenman,
Emory University
Greg Stephens,
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

The amount and quality of biological datasets available is fast increasing. This holds at the molecular and cellular scales (gene sequence and expression data), but also at larger ones (populations and communities of cells, behavior of one or multiple animals). Making sense of these extraordinarily rich datasets calls for new inference and interpretation methods, and ultimately new theory. Since microscopic theories of biology may not provide insight on larger scales, data-driven approaches play an integral role in biophysics, for example guiding us to discovering new physical laws. 

Various analysis approaches inspired by statistical physics and by machine learning are currently being developed. They range from fitting models to model-free analysis, and include supervised and unsupervised approaches. Recent advances in machine learning offer powerful new methods. For instance, some deep neural networks capture very well the rich structure of biological sequence data. Physics-based concepts play important parts in these analysis approaches, including deep learning ones. In turn, these models provide insight on biophysical phenomena. 

This workshop will bring together scientists modeling biological data, performing and analyzing data-rich experiments, and those who are interested in developing, using and understanding new data analysis methods, such as deep learning. We will compare approaches, discuss successes and failures in data analysis, and reflect on future directions.

August 4 - August 25
Multi-messenger Transients from Binary Mergers
& Stellar Explosionss

Ore Gottlieb, Flatiron Institute
Raffaella Margutti,
University of California Berkeley
*Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz, University of California Santa Cruz
Irene Tamborra,
Niels Bohr Institute

The first joint gravitational wave and electromagnetic detection of the binary neutron star GW170817 marked the dawn of the multi-messenger era with GWs. This watershed event opened a new window to study phenomena such as heavy element nucleosynthesis, black hole formation, the Universe's expansion rate, the equation of state of dense matter, and the intricate dynamics of relativistic jets. These profound inquiries have reignited interest in investigating similar physical processes at play in black hole-neutron star mergers and core-collapse supernovae. This endeavor necessitates the development of predictive models in anticipation of forthcoming observations in 2024 by LIGO-Virgo-KAGRA, Rubin Observatory, and future observation campaigns, that will transform the field of high-energy astrophysics transients. The primary goal of this workshop is to bring together physicists with diverse backgrounds in both theoretical and observational expertise within the domains of electromagnetic, gravitational wave, and particle emissions. Collectively, they will engage in collaborative efforts to identify and investigate pathways for tackling the pivotal scientific questions at the core of this rapidly evolving field.

August 11 - September 8
Accretion Physics in the Era of JWST

Misty Bentz, Georgia State University
Christine Done,
Durham University
Martin Elvis,
Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
*Guido Risaliti, University of Florence

The accretion-powered growth of supermassive black holes releases enormous amounts of gravitational potential energy, powering the activity seen in quasars and active galactic nuclei. This power is emitted as radiation across the electromagnetic spectrum, transforming the darkest objects in the Universe into the brightest, and is also emitted in kinetic components such as winds and jets. Together these feedback effects inject some fraction of the accretion power into the host galaxy, controlling its growth via star formation over cosmic time. While this outline captures our current understanding, fundamental unanswered questions remain such as "What is the nature of the accretion flow?" and “How can the accretion process grow such large black hole masses in such a short time after the Big Bang?” With the December 2021 launch of JWST, an enormous discovery space has been opened in wavelength, sensitivity, and angular resolution for studying massive accreting black holes across cosmic time. We will bring together experts in theory, observations, and computational modeling for discussion of the state of the art in our understanding of the AGN phase and the accretion process as well as collaborative planning for future exploration with the new tools and capabilities that JWST provides. Synergies with Euclid, Roman, and other new facilities will also be a key part of the Workshop.

August 18 - September 15
Tightening the Gap Between Scattering Amplitudes
and Events at the LHC at Higher Orders

Fernando Febres Cordero, Florida State University
Bernhard Mistlberger,
*Peter Skands,
Monash University

August 25 - September 15
Toward a Holistic Understanding of the Multi-scale,
Multiphase Circumgalactic Medium

Hsiao-Wen Chen, University of Chicago
Claude-Andre Faucher-Giguere,
Northwestern University
*S. Peng Oh,
University of California Santa Barbara
Gwen Rudie,
Carnegie Observatories

The CGM is host to a multitude of physical processes critical to the formation and evolution of galaxies. On large scales, these include inflows from the cosmic web (~Mpc) that fuel star formation and outflows produced by galactic feedback. On small scales, multiphase gas gives rise to a spectrum of cold gas structures going down to sub-pc scales. However, the mutual interplay between small-scale structure and large-scale dynamics remains a key open question. A major challenge is that the enormous range of physical scales and physical processes involved means that this problem cannot be solved by brute-force computation. Instead, we must combine insights from different approaches, including cosmological simulations, well-resolved idealized simulations (such as how cold clouds exchange mass, momentum, and energy with a hot phase), analytic modeling, and multi-wavelength observations. This workshop will bring together theorists and observers with different perspectives to exchange ideas, stimulate innovative projects through extended discussions, and seed new collaborations to advance the field. Key themes will include the physics of multiphase gas, connecting small scales and large scales, and how existing and new observations can constrain CGM physics.