2020 SUMMER PROGRAM

Applications will be available on September 15
Deadline for Applications is January 31
* denotes the organizer responsible for participant diversity
** denotes a scientific advisor

May 24 - September 13
Individual Research

Physicists are encouraged to apply as individual researchers to work on their own projects for up to five weeks at any time during the summer. We provide a serene atmosphere to complete work. The individual researcher may also choose to attend any workshop meetings or chat with other scientists in residence in addition to working on his or her own research. Click here for more information.


May 24 - September 13
Working Group


Working groups of between two and six physicists are encouraged. Click here for more information.


May 24 - June 14
Nu Intersections: Neutrino Physics at a Crossroad


Organizers:
Tao Han, University of Pittsburgh
Marilena LoVerde, Stony Brook University
*Pedro Machado, Fermilab
Cedric Weiland, University of Pittsburgh

Neutrino physics is at a turning point. Several oscillation experiments are being commissioned with three main purposes: carrying out a bona fide precision neutrino physics program; exploring astrophysical neutrino sources; and clarifying once and for all long-standing short baseline neutrino anomalies. Moreover, the LHC is entering its high luminosity stage, probing yet unexplored physics related to the generation of neutrino masses and mixing. Besides, there will be considerable experimental progress in searches for rare processes, involving the violation of lepton number and lepton flavor, which may further enlighten the physics behind neutrino mass and its nature. Finally, future cosmological observations will be sensitive to the absolute value of neutrino masses, testing the three neutrino paradigm in a way complementary to the aforementioned experiments. The goal of the proposed program is to put together this diverse community in order to advance our understanding of the neutrino sector while keeping up with experimental developments in the near future. Topics that will be discussed in the workshop include the following: oscillation physics; beyond standard neutrino physics and BSM physics at neutrino experiments; neutrinos at the LHC; violation of lepton number and flavor; and cosmological and astrophysical neutrinos.


May 24 - June 14
Transport and Mixing of Tracers in Geophysics and Astrophysics


Organizers:
Ryan Abernathy, Columbia University
Paul Kushner, University of Toronto
Albion Lawrence, Brandeis University
*Heloise Meheut, CRNS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur

The transport and mixing of tracers and particulates by fluids is a highly complex, multiscale problem that is central to many key questions in geophysics and astrophysics. As examples: dust and precipitation are key to the formation, structure, and evolution of the earth and planetary systems, as well as stellar environments; pollutants and reacting chemicals  in the atmosphere and oceans are important for local and global environments; and biological tracers such as phytoplankton play complex roles in the carbon cycle, a key climatic process. Furthermore, tracers provide a Lagrangian description of fluid flow that lend significant theoretical and observational insights into the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans. This workshop aims to bring together the earth science, astrophysics, theoretical physics, and applied mathematics communities to develop techniques for studying transport and mixing in both geophysical and astrophysical contexts.

May 24 - June 21
From Chaos to Hydrodynamics in Quantum Matter

Organizers:
*Victor Galitski, University of Maryland
Aharon Kapitulnik, Stanford University
Leonid Levitov, MIT
Brian Swingle, University of Maryland



June 14 - July 5
Black Hole Formation, Accretion, and Outflows Through Cosmic Time


Organizers:
Susanne Aalto, Chalmers University of Technology
Peter Maksym, Center for Astrophysics, Harvard and Smithsonian
*Jessie Runnoe, Vanderbilt University
Tyrone Woods, NRC Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics

It is impossible to understand cosmic evolution without also understanding the physics of how supermassive black holes either accrete matter or reject it in the form of outflows, and what impact those have.  The physical processes that occur on the scale of a few gravitational radii are therefore far-reaching: the formation of winds by an active galactic nucleus impact spatial scales spanning over 13 orders of magnitude.  This workshop will address the open questions regarding the interconnected astrophysical phenomena relevant on this range of scales.  Specifically:
  • How do massive black holes form?  What are the detailed physical processes and relative importance of light (population III stars) and heavy (direct collapse) seeds and how can we distinguish observationally between these channels?
  • How do massive black holes grow?  How do time-domain observations and recent spatially resolved results from e.g., the Event Horizon Telescope and GRAVITY constrain accretion theory?  What are the implications for finding supermassive black hole binaries and multi-messenger astrophysics?
  • How do massive black holes generate powerful outflows?  How are winds driven and how do multi-wavelength observations constrain this process?
  • How are MBH growth and star formation entwined over cosmic time?  On what scales do AGN-driven winds impact gas in the host galaxy?  How does AGN feedback's role in galaxy evolution change over cosmic time?
The major topics of this workshop encompass a wide variety of physics that will bring together a multi-disciplinary group with common interests.  Discussion will emphasize the role of new observational facilities studying the distant universe (JWST), time domain and synoptic facilities (SDSS-V, LSST, eROSITA) and the local universe in detail (EHT and the GRAVITY instrument on the Very Large Telescope) in answering these questions. 


June 14 - July 5
New Directions for Quantum Dynamics in Topological, Disordered, and Correlated Systems


Organizers:
Anushya Chandran, Boston University
Marcel Franz, University of British Columbia
*Tamar Pereg-Barnea, McGill University
Smitha Vishveshwara, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign

Quantum dynamics has developed over the past decade into a major field of research, spanning the condensed matter, quantum optical, and high-energy theory communities. During this period, there have been many breakthroughs; for example, on many-body localization and its associated long-lived quantum memory in disordered systems, on novel topological orders that are only possible in periodically driven systems, on realizing and manipulating interacting Majorana modes for quantum computation, and the development of strong bounds on chaos in correlated quantum systems. This workshop aims to push the dynamical frontier in all these settings, paying special attention to the interplay of dissipation, topology and constraints, and new experimental platforms for simulating quantum dynamics.


June 21 - July 12
Data Driven Discovery in High-Throughput Biology


Organizers:
*Michael Brenner, Harvard University
Lucy Colwell, Cambridge University
Viren Jain, Google Research
David Weitz, Harvard University

High throughput methods have revolutionized data collection in biology.  The advent of low-cost, high-throughput sequencing is producing revolutions at multiple levels, from our understanding of molecular interactions, to cellular processes, to the interactions between cells that lead to microbial communities and multicellular organisms.  For example, the development of single cell RNA sequencing has given rise to unprecedented information about the genes expressed by specific cells in particular situations. At the same time, advances in technologies ranging from electron microscopy to superresolution (adaptive optics style) imaging of biological samples, to advances in high throughput microfluidics have led to high throughput and/or high resolution imaging of cells, tissues and organisms. Several technologies are starting to provide information about the spatial structure of gene expression within developing tissues.

The overriding question is to determine how these diverse and rapidly developing data sources can be combined to give insight into biological mechanisms. This new source of massive quantities of primary biological data presents an exciting opportunity and indeed a dire need for novel quantitative analyses to interpret and realize the true value of this data. They provide the opportunity to frame new questions, develop causative models distinguishable using such data, and drive insights about which data is most informative to collect, and how it should be collected. Initially, sequence data offers new approaches to biophysical problems such as protein folding and DNA packing that have long been of interest to the physics community.  Imaging data has revolutionized our view of how cells function. But the increasing amount of data offers much more substantial opportunities, even changing the type of biology questions that can be asked. For example, consider the problem of tissue development: recent advances make it possible to track how individual cells change their state as a function of space and time. How can we transform this knowledge into models for how the control of tissue development proceeds? How can we turn it into insights into how single cells can be designed to developmental processes. Different types of modeling must be combined for these efforts to be successful: mechanistic (eg biophysical) model building is an essential part of turning the mass of data into predictive realizations of genotype-to-phenotype mapping; novel machine learning approaches for both images and sequences have given rise to new opportunities for analyzing and interpreting data. Moreover, there is a real commonality at multiple scales – molecular, cellular, and intercellular – of theoretical approaches being taken to infer the underlying biology/biophysics from huge datasets correlating sequences with quantitative phenotypes.

The goal of this workshop is to bring quantitative scientists working on these problems together with each other and with imaging experts experimental biologists.


July 5 - July 26
TT Deformation, Generalizations, and Applications


Organizers:
Sergei Dubovsky, New York University
Mark Mezei, Princeton University
*Eva Silverstein, Stanford University

Effective field theories are designed to capture the long distance behavior of systems and only contain traces of the short distance physics through irrelevant operators. In an intriguing new class of recently discovered field theories, it is possible to reconstruct the microphysics from the long distance degrees of freedom. These theories are two-dimensional QFTs deformed by TT, an irrelevant composite operator built from the stress tensor. A common theme in this field is that QFT problems turn into differential equations, and this has enabled the exact determination of many interesting quantities: the S-matrix, the energy spectrum, and partition functions. TT-deformed theories have generated tremendous excitement in the field, and a diverse community has developed a toolbox for studying these theories: two-dimensional QFT, integrability, holography, and two-dimensional quantum gravity all contribute different insights. The results have been generalized to other deformations and dimensions with varying degrees of solvability, and have been applied to problems ranging from condensed matter and confining flux tubes to little string theory and cosmology. In the workshop, we aim to bring together researchers from a variety of backgrounds to help unify the different approaches and to tackle the most pressing problems, such as how to best understand the apparent nonlocality of the theory in the ultraviolet.

July 12 - August 2
Galactic Archaeology with Fundamental Stellar Parameters: Synthesizing the Power of Accurate Ages with Distances, Chemistry, and Kinematics


Organizers:
Kathryne Daniel, Bryn Mawr College
Keith Hawkins, University of Texas at Austin
**Sarah Loebman,
University of California Davis
Marc Pinsonneault, Ohio State University
*Justin Read, University of Surrey

The Gaia satellite mission has revealed that the Milky Way’s (MW) stellar disk is in a complex, disequilibrium state.  Stellar chemistry can be used to reconstruct the evolution and formation of our Galaxy, but true Galactic Archaeology requires accurate stellar ages for individual stars that, for large statistical samples, have only recently become attainable.  With new, state-of-the-art data from the Kepler, K2, and Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) missions now available, we have entered a golden age for precision stellar age determination. By combining the phase space positions of stars from Gaia with accurate ages for individual stars, we will be able to dissect our Galaxy in unprecedented detail. To fully realize the promise of these new data we must bring together expertise in time domain astronomy, astrometry, stellar evolution, galactic dynamics, galaxy formation and cosmology.  Focal themes for this workshop will include:
  • Applications of mapping 6D phase space, chemistry and ages of individual MW stars for understanding galaxy evolution
  • The power and limitations of time-domain astronomy for accurate stellar age determination through stellar rotation and asteroseismology
  • Chemo-dynamical evolution of MW-like galaxies
  • Tests of the standard cosmological model and constraints on the nature of dark matter.


July 26 - August 16
Electronic Topology across the Correlation Spectrum


Organizers:
Peter Armitage, Johns Hopkins University
Silke Buehler-Paschen, Vienna University of Technology
Jennifer Cano, Stony Brook University
*Qimiao Si, Rice University

The topological paradigm enriches quantum phases and their transitions in systems that span the spectrum of weak to strong correlations. In recent years, there have been considerable new developments regarding the topological phases of non-interacting electrons; among these are Weyl and Dirac fermions, space group symmetry classifications, experiments on their electromagnetic responses, higher order topological insulators, and the experimental discovery of an antiferromagnetic topological insulator. In parallel, rapid progress on both theoretical and experimental fronts has taken place in the exploration of electronic topology in strongly correlated systems; this includes the discovery of Kondo-driven Weyl semimetals, as well as the search for signatures of topological states in Kondo insulators and spin-orbit-coupled 5d electron systems. For the most part, however, the two directions have been developing with very limited crosstalk.

This workshop aims to unite the two communities by highlighting the emerging unifying themes of electronic topology across the correlation spectrum. The topics of the workshop will include:

  • the effect of correlations on non-interacting symmetry-protected semimetals
  • weakly interacting topological phases caused by interaction-driven broken symmetries
  • topological states driven by strong correlations
  • the role of space group symmetry for electronic topology of strongly correlated systems
  • entirely new topological states of matter that have no weakly interacting counterparts
  • unifying themes for electronic topology in disparate materials settings

Experimentalists and theorists interested in these and related topics are encouraged to apply.


August 2 - September 6
Dark Matter from the Laboratory to the Cosmos


Organizers:
Kimberly Boddy, Johns Hopkins Univeristy
Katherine Freese, University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Mariangela Lisanti, Princeton University
*Benjamin Safdi, University of Michigan
Tien-Tien Yu, University of Oregon

While dark matter is known to comprise most of the matter in the Universe, its microscopic nature remains unknown.  The search for dark matter is entering a new era, with traditional direct detection, collider, and indirect detection searches having produced increasingly strong constraints on some of the most well-motivated dark matter models.  As a result of these constraints, the dark matter community is beginning to explore beyond the traditional search techniques and models.  This workshop will focus on new ideas in the search for particle dark matter, covering a wide range of novel astrophysical tests and direct detection techniques.  By bringing together model-builders, observers, simulators, experimentalists, and phenomenologists, this interdisciplinary gathering will provide a forum to exchange ideas towards the common goal of discovering particle dark matter. 


August 16 - September 13
New Discoveries in the Era of High-Resolution, Low-Noise CMB Experiments


Organizers:
Simone Ferraro, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Matthew Johnson, York University
Moritz Munchmeyer,  Perimeter Institute
Neelima Sehgal, Stony Brook University

The cosmic microwave background (CMB) has been an extraordinarily powerful tool, establishing the standard cosmological model and uncovering hints for physics beyond it. An exciting new frontier in CMB science lies in the high-resolution, low-noise regime that future experiments such as the Simons Observatory, CMB-S4, and CMB-HD are targeting. In this regime entirely new sources of temperature and polarization anisotropies, the secondary CMB, associated with e.g. the Sunyaev Zel'dovich effect and gravitational lensing, become accessible. Precise measurements of the secondary CMB in concert with upcoming large galaxy redshift surveys have the potential to provide a transformational new understanding of dark matter, baryonic feedback, reionization, dark energy, primordial non-gaussianity, modifications of general relativity, and inflationary cosmology. This workshop will bring together experts in theoretical and observational cosmology in order to explore the potential for making new discoveries using future observations of the secondary CMB anisotropies. In particular, we propose to tackle questions such as: Do we have a comprehensive theoretical understanding of the secondary CMB, including all potentially detectable effects? What are the best strategies for extracting cosmological information from the secondary CMB, including cross-correlations with other datasets? What are the most challenging foregrounds and systematics that future experiments will contend with, and how can they be mitigated? We hope that this workshop will catalyze not only practical developments relevant to the analysis of imminent data, but also blue sky thinking about how cosmology might be done differently with the secondary CMB.


August 16 - September 13
Geometry and the Quantum


Organizers:
*Veronika Hubeny, University of California Davis
Mukund Rangamani, University of California Davis
Stephen Shenker, Stanford University
Mark Van, University of British Columbia

Gauge/gravity duality has taught us many interesting lessons about the dynamics of strongly coupled systems, and has provided us with many insights into the workings of quantum gravity.  Despite this remarkable progress much remains to be done, especially in understanding deep conceptual questions that underpin a non-perturbative theory of quantum gravity.  In recent years we have come to appreciate that the key to unlocking some of these secrets may lie in connections to quantum information theoretic concepts. Some of these ideas have been made quite sharp in more tractable low-dimensional settings, e.g., in the SYK model and its gravitational dual -- 2D  dilaton gravity. The aim of the workshop is to facilitate further progress in these directions. We anticipate particular focus on questions such as: the emergence of semiclassical spacetime geometry; the nature of black hole microstates; the link between disorder averaged quantum dynamics and gravity; implications of  entanglement wedge reconstruction for the information paradox; and others that will certainly arise in this rapidly developing field.