Loyal “Randy” Durand End Notes

Note 1 The notes here, and the accounts of funding below, have been checked in the Center's archives; they give only a sketch of the development of the Center. Records on early support and finances were traced mainly through correspondence, and later, through informal internal reports. The actual financial transactions and records through mid 1968 were handled by the Aspen Institute.

Note 2 Most of us handled the admissions/housing process at least once. It was all conducted by mail and telephone, plus a short meeting of a few people in later years

Note 3 LD records at Center.

Note 4 Correspondence between myself and George Stranahan, fall, 1967.

Note 5 An anecdote with respect to the visit told by David Pines was that he and Suzy Pines took Arnie sightseeing to Maroon Lake. Along the way, Arnie made a remark along the lines, “It is so beautiful here. Does anyone ever go to seminars and work on their research?” Margaret Gell–Mann, along for the ride, replied “Not usually!” It ultimately did not affect our funding.

Note 6 This history can all be traced through the reports of the Trustees meetings and the Executive Committee,plus some correspondence in the archives, especially from George.

Note 7 This was a widely representative and remarkable group: Robert O. Anderson (chair of Atlantic–Richfield and the AIHS), Julius Ashkin, Michel Baranger, Hans Bethe, Michael Cohen, Loyal Durand, Richard Ferrell, Daniel Fivel, Murray Gell–Mann, Marvin Goldberger, Peter Kaus, David Pines, Henry Primakoff, Frederick Seitz, George Stranahan, and Lincoln Wolfenstein.

Note 8 We were regarded somewhat as smart but brash youngsters, to be tolerated but perhaps not taken too seriously. Our participation in the Institute's Executive Seminars led to some remarkable incidents, such as when R. O. Anderson tried to lecture Tony Leggett, an Oxford First in classics and later a Nobelist and Sir Anthony, on Greek history/philosophy; or when Stan Ulam, not identified to the seminar participants, quietly commented from the audience in response to a seminar discussion on the development of the hydrogen bomb.

R. O. (known to the physicists in the early days as “108 Anderson” for his reputed assets at the time) was a highly successful oil wildcatter and refiner who merged his company with Atlantic Refining and then with Richfield Oil to form ARCO. He was the chair of the ARCO board and more pertinently to us, the AIHS board, and was a Trustee of the Center for 1968-81. R. O. would sit patiently (and with bemusement) through our Trustees’ meetings, tell us about things such as his use of trickle irrigation on his Australian properties (he was interested in the environment; he also owned ~106 acres of ranch land in New Mexico) and Institute plans. He was generally sympathetic to the Center, invited us to many Institute social events, but never got the Institute to the point of giving the Center title to our buildings and land as that might interfere with the Institute-City negotiations on the zoning of the AIHS property overall. I lived two summers in the Frischman house, just behind his house on Francis Street, and often saw him in old clothes and his battered Stetson hat loading his kids in his old jeep in the afternoon to take them fishing, a typical Aspen summer activity and nice to see in such a high-level operator.

Note 9 The “lease,” rumored for many years to exist but, to our consternation, never found, was actually a formal letter of understanding between the AIHS and the newly incorporated Center in August, 1968. I located it a few years ago in a pile of correspondence in the archives. It covered the Stranahan and Hilbert buildings, and spelled out the Institute's ownership and the Center's privileges.

Note 10 I remember being mistaken several times for the (nonexistent) janitor by new participants when working around the buildings.

Note 11 There are undoubtedly some townhouses/condos included in this count –- I have not checked -- but we still rented mainly houses for families. These were quite varied, ranging from small Victorians and primitive pan-abodes to larger houses used for bachelors. I lived for a few weeks in ~1965 in one of the latter, the Fairless house downtown, owned by the chair of U.S. Steel, and with a Dwight Eisenhower painting for decoration in the living room, a personal gift from Ike. The dinner conversations there were non-standard and quite stimulating, ranging over a variety of fields of physics and into mathematics -- two other occupants were Ken Wilson and Brian Josephson.

Note 12 It was not unusual for the physicists on a hike to get into physics or other professional conversations. I remember a discussion with J. D. (BJ) Bjorken on the top of Pyramid Peak about symmetries, and the interpretation of gravity as a gauge theory, after we had completed a rather difficult route on the east ridge. On a different hike, Murray Gell–Mann got into a several–mile long conversation with our friend Cyrena Pondrom, a professor of English at Wisconsin and eminent expert on 20th century writers, on the interpretation of James Joyce (the originator of the term “quark”). She later commented with admiration that, no matter how far Murray got out on a limb, he never cut himself off (“He knew Finnegan's Wake forwards and backwards!”).

Note 13 I would meet each summer with the astrophysics steering group to work out the timing of their three–week workshop, and participate in the discussion of possible topics to make sure the topic selected was appropriate for the Center's program. The steering group handled the writing of the grant and decided how the funds were to be used.

Note 14 The library shelving was assembled by the physicists in residence. We have fond memories of Murray Gell–Mann and Heinz Pagels assembling a shelf rack incorrectly, so that the shelves would not fit; it was redone after they left the Center for the day.

Note 15 None of the active Trustees wanted to be the only one rotated off the Board in a given year, and with no fixed terms – and also no distinction between Trustees and Members – it was difficult to bring in new people in the numbers we needed.

Note 16 The change to the present governance structure, with Trustees and Members distinguished, with different numbers and clearly defined roles, did not take place until 1990, when I completely redid the Bylaws with the help of Mike Simmons and an ad hoc committee, and our lawyer Nick McGrath, an expert on non–profits.